As you all know that today is the time of science and technology. You must have heard about Forensic Science. As soon as the name of forensics comes to our mind, many people start imagining that it is arresting bad guys, shooting guns, and cutting up dead people.

So here we will discuss that what is the field of forensic science? What are the different areas that a forensic scientist can specialize in?

Well! let clear about these doubts:

Forensic science is referred to as criminalistics which applies the principles of science to the definition and enforcement of laws. Criminalistics is a division of forensic science that is included with the collection, analysis, and interpretation of the physical evidence which is produced by criminal activity.

Several scientific disciplines are involved in this field of activity like physics, chemistry, and biology.

It is applied science, in other words, scientific methodology is used in forensic science was developed by a biologist, chemists, and geneticists and then; take over by forensic scientists to help them to resolve the problems more reliably.

Thus, forensic science provides impartial scientific evidence for use in the court of law, e.g., in criminal investigation and prosecution trials. The growth and development of forensic science in the past 25 years have been recognized in many field quarters.

The effect of this:

  • An increasing number of forensic science laboratories
  • Extension of professional forensic scientific communities and organizations
  • The enhanced utilization of forensic science by law practitioners
  • Emphasis on forensic science in both illegal and civil investigations.

The field of biological science is interdisciplinary and has reached a stage of scientific maturation at which it has become mandatory to introduce advances in forensic biology. Advances in forensic science are parallel to advances in other scientific fields and disciples.

Further, advances in the forensic field lead to the generation of many special areas internally.

So this science is not a division of law enforcement and its scientists are not law enforcement officers. Despite how they are represented on television, forensic scientists do not examine and directly arrest the suspects and do not normally examine crime scenes.

The main responsibilities of a forensic scientist are to investigate physical evidence, represent the results, and prove in a court of law. Forensic scientists are proficient witnesses who reveal opinions as to the significance of laboratory findings.

Forensic science performs a role in illegal and civil law. Forensic scientists support determining the cause of death, identify bodily remains, identify perpetrators of crimes, track the computerized transfer of money, examine internet fraud and individuality theft, and reconstruct vehicular events.

Laws control the protection and superiority of our food and water, the power of medications, motor vehicle emissions, and pesticides used on crops. It would be impossible to observe compliance with laws if not for scientific laboratory testing.

Forensic science is growing increasingly broad in its applicability to law and criminal investigations.

Crime lab examinations are only compatible if the specimens obtained are properly collected, transported, and saved. Crime scene testimony is often collected and transported by qualified police officers.

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